Jeep Grand Cherokee
1993-1999 of release
Repair and operation of the car
Jeep Grand Cherokee
+ Cars of the Jeep Grand Cherokee brand
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Line six-cylinder engine
+ V8 engine
+ Procedures of the general and capital repairs of the engine
- Cooling systems, heating and air conditioning
Antifreeze - the general information
Check of functioning and replacement of the thermostat
Check of serviceability and replacement of the fan of the cooling system and coupling of its coupling
Check of functioning and replacement of the block of the sensor of temperature of a cooler
Removal and installation of a radiator and broad tank of the cooling system
Check of functioning of the water pump
Removal and installation of the water pump
Check of serviceability of an electric contour and replacement of components of the motor of the fan of a heater and conditioner of air
Removal and installation of the block of the fan of a heater
Removal and installation of assembly of management of a heater and conditioner of air
Removal and installation of the heat exchanger of a heater
Check of serviceability and service of systems of heating and air conditioning
Diagnostics of system of automatic control of temperature (automatic telephone exchange) without its removal from the car
Removal and installation of the accumulator (store) of the air conditioning system
Removal and installation of the compressor of the air conditioning system
Removal and installation of the condenser of the air conditioning system
Removal and installation of a tube of the calibrated jet
Removal and installation of the evaporator of air conditioning system
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ System of electric equipment of the engine
+ Systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and engine management
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Transfer case
+ Coupling and transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ System of onboard electric equipment
+ Governing bodies and methods of operation
System cooling of the engine
All models of cars considered in this manual are equipped with the cooling system which is under pressure with thermostatic management of circulation of a cooler. Rotor type the water pump fixed on a forward part of the block pumps over a cooler through the engine. The stream of a cooler washes each of cylinders and moves to a back part of the engine. The water galleries formed in casting of the block and a head(s) of cylinders provide distribution of a cooler and its giving to final ports, to areas of installation of spark plugs and an arrangement of the directing plugs of final valves. In the cooling system of 6-cylinder engines the water pump of reversive type is used (with rotation in the opposite direction).
The typical scheme of circulation of a cooler in the V8 engine cooling system
The thermostat of voskozapolnenny type is placed in the case and fixed in a forward part of the engine. In the course of warming up of the engine the thermostat is closed and prevents circulation of a cooler through a radiator. At approach of temperature of the engine to normal working value the thermostat opens, providing pass of a cooler through a radiator where it cools down before returning to the engine.
Sealing of the cooling system is provided by means of installation of the cover maintaining elevated pressure on a radiator. Excessive pressure in system provides increase in a boiling point of a cooler and improves efficiency of functioning of system. At excessive increase in pressure under its pressure there is an opening of the sprung safety valve in a cover and or excessive pressure is dumped in the atmosphere (the cover established on a broad tank on the 4.0 l 6-cylinder engines), or the cooler flows on a connecting tube in a broad tank.
The broad tank plays a double role. It is used as the capacity where the fresh cooler is in case of need added and at the same time provides support of the required liquid level in system, working as a receiver on reception of the cooler extending at an overheat. On the 4.0 l 6-cylinder engines the broad tank is a part being under pressure of a path of the cooling system through which there is a circulation of a cooler in the course of normal functioning of the engine.
System of heating
The system of heating consists of the fan and the heat exchanger located in the heater case. The heat exchanger by means of hoses connects to the cooling system of the engine and a guard of control of the air heater/conditioner on the dashboard in interior of the car. The cooler warmed in the engine circulates via the heat exchanger. At inclusion of a heater in the mode of heating of salon its air gates open, providing connection of the case of a heater with interior of the car. By means of the switch on a guard of management the fan of a heater which drives air through the heat exchanger to interior of the car is activated, providing thereby its heating.
Air conditioning system
The air conditioning system consists of the radiator of the condenser, the evaporator located in the neighbourhood with the heat exchanger of the heater fixed on the engine of the compressor, the accumulator serving for accumulation of a liquid phase of coolant and a conclusion from system of excess of moisture, and also reinforcing lines connecting among themselves all listed above components established on a forward part.
The fan banishes the warmed air from interior of the car through the evaporator heat exchanger (working by the principle, the return principle of work of a radiator) where it gives the to the coolant which is warmly in the evaporator. Liquid coolant, beginning to boil, passes into a gaseous phase (evaporates) and, leaving the evaporator, takes away with itself warmth of phase transition.