Jeep Grand Cherokee

1993-1999 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Jeep Grand Cherokee
- Cars of the Jeep Grand Cherokee brand
   + Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   - Technology of service, tool and equipment of a workplace
      Technology of service
      Fixture
      Fixture sizes
      Procedure and order of tightening of threaded connections
      Dismantling of components
      Pro-masonry surfaces
      Councils for removal of hoses
      Tool
      Workplace equipment
   + Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   + Automobile chemicals, oils and lubricants
   + Diagnostics of malfunctions
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Line six-cylinder engine
+ V8 engine
+ Procedures of the general and capital repairs of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ System of electric equipment of the engine
+ Systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and engine management
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Transfer case
+ Coupling and transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ System of onboard electric equipment
+ Governing bodies and methods of operation



Tool

The choice of the good tool is one of the main requirements for everyone who plans independent performing procedures of maintenance or car repairs. At first sight the expenses connected with acquisition of the required set of tools can seem too big, however at their comparison with the expenses interfaced to performing procedures of routine maintenance and the elementary car repairs at car repair shop will be quite reasonable.

To help the average motorist with the choice of the tool necessary at holding various procedures for care of the car described in this manual the lists of three tool kits which are conditionally entitled as are given below: tool kit for routine maintenance and the minimum repair; tool kit for the general and capital repairs and the special tool. The owners of cars who do not have practical experience of carrying out mechanical works have to begin with performing procedures, the tools limited to application from the first list, improving at the same time the skills and gradually expanding the range of the used tool. In process of acquisition of experience it is possible to pass to performance of more complex challenges, supplementing the held tool kit. After a while the received skills will allow to start performance of more complex works demanding use of the tool from the second list (for the general and capital repairs of the car). When your qualification begins to allow to save considerable means on independent performance of difficult repair procedures, it is possible to think of acquisition of the special tool from special set.

Set of a micrometer
Set of the dial measuring instrument
Dial caliper
The vacuum pump with the manual drive
Stroboscope
The compression measuring instrument with a nozzle for installation in a candle opening
Stripper for removal of a damper / a steering wheel
Stripper of general purpose
The tool for removal of hydraulic pushers
The tool for compression of valvate springs
The tool for compression of valvate springs
Vertical drill for removal of step wear in the cylinder
Device for a clearing of flutes of piston rings
The tool for removal/installation of piston rings
The tool for a staving of piston rings
Hon for processing of a mirror of cylinders
The tool for removal of hats of springs of brake boots
Hon for processing of brake cylinders
The tool for centering of clutch plates
Set of taps and lerok

Tool kit on routine maintenance and the minimum car repairs

The list given below includes a minimum necessary for performing procedures of routine maintenance and insignificant car repairs of tools. Acquisition of a set of the combined wrenches (from ordinary Rozhkova by a head on one end is recommended and with cap on another), despite the big cost of such set in comparison with the cost of set of ordinary Rozhkov of keys, expenses will be justified since these keys have advantages of both types.

  • Set of the combined keys (1/4 - 1 inch; 6 - 19 mm)
  • Adjustable spanner
  • Candle key (with a rubber insert)
  • The tool for adjustment of a candle gap
  • Set of measuring probes
  • Nippelny key for pumping of brakes
  • Screw-drivers:
    • With a flat sting (length of 150 mm and 8 mm in the diameter)
    • With a cross sting (No. 2 x 6 inches (length of 150 mm)
  • The combined flat-nose pliers
  • Hacksaw with a set of cloths
  • The manometer for measurement of pressure in tires
  • Lubricant gun (syringe)
  • Canister under oil
  • Thin emery paper
  • Wire brush
  • The tool for cleaning of plugs and contacts of wires of the battery
  • Key for removal of an oil filter
  • Funnel (average size)
  • Props for fixing of the car in the lifted state (2)
  • Drain capacity

If procedures of routine maintenance include carrying out basic adjustments, also acquisition of a high quality stroboscope and the combined tachometer/tool for measurement of duration of the closed condition of contacts of the breaker is required. In spite of the fact that these tools are a part of the list of special tools, the mention of them is given in a type of absolute necessity of their application for carrying out the high-quality control of ignition of the engine which is a part of procedures of routine maintenance of the car here.

Tool kit for the general and capital repairs of the car

This tool is necessary when carrying out any operations on repair of the engine of the car and is offered in addition to the first list. This list includes a complete set of replaceable face heads. At the considerable cost, a set of replaceable heads brings invaluable benefit, thanks to the universality and convenience in the address, - in particular in combination with the drives which are included in the package of various type. It is recommended to use preferably drives with a section of 1/2 inches (but not 3/8 inches) since they, though are more expensive, can be used practically with any type of dynamometer keys (ideally, the good mechanic has to have both types of drives at the order). Cheaper alternative to a set of replaceable face heads is a set of tubular keys.

  • Set of replaceable face heads (including heads like "Torx") (or tubular keys), the sizes corresponding to the sizes of wrenches from the previous list
  • The ratchet reversive drive (for use with replaceable face heads)
  • Collar 250 mm long
  • Universal (cardan type) the hinge (for use with face heads)
  • Dynamometer key (with the drive of the same size, as for replaceable face heads)
  • The hammer with round brisk - 8 ounces (about 230 g)
  • The hammer with soft brisk (plastic or rubber) (kiyanka)
  • Screw-drivers:
    • With a flat sting (length of 150 mm and about 6.5 mm in the diameter)
    • With a flat sting (strong mm No. 2, 8)
    • With a cross sting (No. 3 x 8 inches 203 mm)
    • With a cross sting (strong No. 2)
  • Clamping pincers
  • Flat-nose pliers:
    • For electricians (with the isolated handles)
    • Uzkonosy (nippers)
    • For lock rings (internal and external)
  • Chisel - 1/2 inches (13 mm)
  • The scraper (made from the copper tube which is flattened out and pointed since one end)
  • Skrayber (chertilka)
  • Center punch
  • Small beards with a thin sting (1.6, 3.2, 4.8 mm)
  • Steel line / measuring instrument of planeness
  • Set of keys hexagons (Allen) (for heads with an internal hexagon)
  • Set of files
  • Wire brush (big)
  • Second set of props
  • Jack (hydraulic or scissors type)

One more constantly required tool is the electric drill with the boss on 3/8 inches (to 9.5 mm) with a set of high quality drills.

Special tool

The tools which are adequately expensive, not required regularly, or demanding when using implementation of instructions of manufacturers are included in this list. If frequent performance of difficult mechanical operations does not fall within the scope of your activity, acquisition of such tool will be bad investment of capital. It is reasonable to get it by sharing the cost with friends or to hire in workshops of car service.

Only those tools which can be found in retail trade or which are issued for distribution on representative offices of firms are entered in the list. Sometimes in the text of the Management you will find references to such special tools. Usually authors try to offer in parallel the alternative method allowing to avoid obligatory use of the remote tool. In case it is impossible to avoid use of the special tool, and its acquisition in use is problematic, it is better to entrust performance of the corresponding works to specialists of car service.

  • The tool for compression of valvate springs
  • Device for a clearing of flutes of piston rings
  • The tool for a staving of piston rings
  • The tool for installation of piston rings
  • The measuring instrument of extent of compression of gases in cylinders (компрессометр)
  • Vertical drill for processing of edges of cylinders
  • Hon for processing of mirrors of cylinders
  • Measuring instrument of diameter of cylinders
  • Micrometer (micrometers) and/or dial caliper
  • The tool for removal of hydraulic pushers
  • Separator of spherical hinges
  • Stripper of universal type
  • Impact driver
  • Set of the dial measuring instrument
  • Stroboscope (with the inductive sensor)
  • The manual combined pump (vacuum/delivery)
  • The tachometer/tool for measurement of duration of the closed condition of contacts of the breaker
  • Universal tester for electric measurements
  • Lifting rigging
  • The tool for removal/installation of brake springs
  • Floor jack

Acquisition of the tool

The beginner mechanic in respect of acquisition of the necessary tool for performing procedures of routine maintenance and car repairs can be offered several practical advice. By preparation for holding procedures of routine maintenance or the minimum car repairs it is reasonable to buy the tool separately. On the other hand, in case of planning of broad works, it is simpler and more reliable to buy a set of the modern tool in shop of retail network. Acquisition of a set usually costs a little cheaper individual purchases and is often supplemented with the enclosed toolbox. Further, for choice expansion, separate tools, additional sets and a toolbox of the bigger size can be bought in addition. Gradual expansion of a set of tools will allow to stretch expenses and to be defined in the choice of really necessary tools.

Specialized tool shops are the only source of acquisition of some special tools, but, irrespective of a source, avoid cheap purchases, in particular at the choice of screw-drivers and replaceable face heads as the term of their service for certain will be short. The expenses connected with replacement and restoration of the cheap tool as a result will be incomparably more considerable, than costs of single acquisition of qualitative goods.

Care of the tool and its storage

The good tool is valuable investment of capital therefore it is reasonable to take care of keeping it clean and constant availability for service. After use of the tool before putting it to the place of storage, always carefully wipe its surface with pure dry rags, deleting from it traces of dirt, lubricant and the remains of metal particles. Never leave the tool scattered in a workplace. After completion of works attentively check space under a cowl and under the car for existence of the forgotten tool.

For storage of such tool as screw-drivers, flat-nose pliers, hammers, etc. the tool comb fixed in the convenient place on a garage wall is ideal. Sets of wrenches and replaceable face heads should be stored in metal boxes. The measuring tool has to be stored in inaccessible to impact of corrosion, dry and pure places.

Always it is necessary to pay attention to a condition of working surfaces of the tool. A shock part quickly of the hammer in the course of work is subject to a rasklepyvaniye, screw-drivers lose sharpening of the stings over time. You do not stint to find a little time and attention to that by means of an emery paper or a file to remove rasklepa and to put the cutting edges in order. It is irreversible the worn-out or damaged tool replace.

At careful leaving the tool will serve to you belief and the truth during very long term.